唐瑜凌老師陪你讀論語講要 6.道千乘之國

唐瑜凌老師陪你讀論語講要 6.道千乘之國

講師:唐瑜凌先生

學而篇第五章【經文】 子曰:道千乘之國,敬事而信,節用而愛人,使民以時。

本集課程重點包括:

一、做事情要很在意,對百姓要有信用

本章是講治理大國的方法,領導人「敬事」,就是對於事情要很在意,這樣屬下才會認真辦事,百姓才能安居樂業。所頒布的政策,無論對內對外,都要講信用,有信用人民才有信心,願意給予擁護。所謂是:「自古皆有死,民無信不立」。

 

二、節用能守財,動機是愛民

領導者節約用度,可以帶動良好的風氣,避免浪費,以備不時之需,這樣的做法心態都是為了愛護人民,如同父母愛護子女。

 

三、徵用百姓要講究時機

使民以時就是時機的講究,古代要避開農忙,今日徵用民力,同樣也要注意人民生活的維護。

 

學而篇第五章白話解釋

【字詞解釋】

道:ㄉㄠˋ亦讀ㄉㄠˇ,治理之意。

乘:ㄕㄥˋ,兵車。

 

【白話解釋】

    孔子說:治理一個擁有千輛兵車的大國家,有五種治國的要道。首先辦理國家大事,要非常謹慎。再者,對百姓要有信用,人民才能信服。三者,雖富有一國之財,然而財物出自民間,必須節儉使用,節用物力則能足食。四者,雖貴居民上,然知民間疾苦,不可驕慢,要時時刻刻把人民放在心上,愛護他們。五者,要知道農工商民各有忙時,不在其忙時役使人民,如此則能足兵。

 

【章旨】

    此章是孔子論治國之大要,領導之方針。

 

《論語講要》原文

    此說國家大事。道,包咸注作治字講。乘,音勝,兵車也。古時能出千輛兵車,謂之大國。治大國有五種要道。敬事者,事為國事,敬為謹慎。信者誠信。為國者必須舉事敬慎,與民誠信。財物出自民間,必須節用。大學云:「生之者眾,食之者寡,為之者疾,用之者舒,則財恆足矣。」此為理財之要。愛人者,知民之疾苦,愛養之也。使民以時者,農工商民各有忙時,不在其忙時使之也。敬事而信,則民悅服。節用物力則足食。愛人、使民以時,則足兵。敬事、誠信、節用、愛人、使民以時,具此五者,方能治國。

 

Teacher Tang Yuling will accompany you to read The Analects   

6.Book 1 Xue Er (On Learning), Chapter 5

 

Highlights of this lecture include:

1. A mindful state-ruler should has high creditability among the populace.

  This chapter is about fundamental principles for the governance of a large state. A state leader “respects” his position and has reverent attention to state affairs. His subordinates will then take it seriously to strive for the well-being of the general populace. Policies promulgated must be effective both in and out of the state. A trustful state can get unstinting supports from its people. There is a saying goes: “From ancient times, death has come to all men, but [it is even truer that if] people do not trust their government, the state will not stand.”

 

2. Economized state budget for the good of the people.

   Economy in expenditure of a state leader will set a good example for the common practice of avoiding waste, and saving money for a rainy day. The policy is to protect the people, just as parents love their children.

 

3. To levy civilians’ prescribed state services should be well-timed

  A government shall be particular about the levy of civilian-laborers for prescribed state service or projects, to avoid services during busy farming season is a must. Such requests have to postpone after farming high time. In ancient times, the requests would rather levy in farming low season. Today, in the same way, a government must pay attention to and take people’s livelihood into every consideration.

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唐瑜凌老師陪你讀論語講要 6.道千乘之國

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