Teacher Tang Yuling will accompany you to read The Analects
6.Book 1 Xue Er (On Learning), Chapter 5
Highlights of this lecture include:
1. A mindful state-ruler should has high creditability among the populace.
This chapter is about fundamental principles for the governance of a large state. A state leader “respects” his position and has reverent attention to state affairs. His subordinates will then take it seriously to strive for the well-being of the general populace. Policies promulgated must be effective both in and out of the state. A trustful state can get unstinting supports from its people. There is a saying goes: “From ancient times, death has come to all men, but [it is even truer that if] people do not trust their government, the state will not stand.”
2. Economized state budget for the good of the people.
Economy in expenditure of a state leader will set a good example for the common practice of avoiding waste, and saving money for a rainy day. The policy is to protect the people, just as parents love their children.
3. To levy civilians’ prescribed state services should be well-timed
A government shall be particular about the levy of civilian-laborers for prescribed state service or projects, to avoid services during busy farming season is a must. Such requests have to postpone after farming high time. In ancient times, the requests would rather levy in farming low season. Today, in the same way, a government must pay attention to and take people’s livelihood into every consideration.